How To Copy An Array In JavaScript?

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Arrays are a robust data structure in JavaScript that lets you store and work with collections of objects. To use an array in your code, you need to make a copy of it. Depending on your needs and the layout of the Array you are dealing with, there are a few different ways to copy an array in JavaScript.

Copy array in Js

Copy An Array In JavaScript 

Here are the commonly used techniques for copying arrays in JavaScript, i.e., the Filter method spread operator (…), the slice() method, and the JSON.parse() and JSON.stringify() 

1. Slice() Method 

The alternative for copying an array is the slice() method, which generates a new array with only a portion of the elements in the original array. By gathering it without any statements, you can use this function to copy a whole array.

Using the slice(,) method to copy an array is demonstrated here:

Slice () Method

The original array is the array you wish to copy. By naming the slice(,) method on the original array without any statements, it can generate a new array called copied array. By doing this, the array is made into a shallow copy, which means that identical elements from the original array are present in the new array but are not replicated. 

Slice () function

Like the spread operator, the slice() function only makes a partial copy of an array. When an array has objects or arrays, the slice() method only makes a shallow copy of the top-level items; the elements splits between the original array and the copy.

2. JSON.parse() and JSON.stringify() Method 

You can convert a JavaScript object to a JSON string and vice versa using the JSON.parse() and JSON.stringify() methods, which are the best ways to construct copies of an array, respectively. You can make a deep copy of an array using these techniques, which means that the copy has copies of every element in the original array, including any arrays or objects.

The following example demonstrates the use of JSON.parse() and JSON.stringify() to make a deep copy of an array:

Jason () parse

The layered arrays and objects form the original arrays. Using the JSON.stringify() method, you can turn the original array into a JSON string, construct a new array, and call copied array. It can generate a deep copy of the Array by parsing the JSON string back into a JavaScript object using the JSON.parse() method.


The JSON.parse() and JSON.stringify() methods are dependable ways to make a deep copy of an array. But they can be slower and use more resources than the other methods, particularly for big or complex arrays.

3. Filter Method 

The filter method only returns array components that satisfy the criteria specified in a callback function. Callback function is another technique to make a copy of an array. It requires a condition that will always be true if you are to copy all the elements. Return true for every element, much as how to use the map method earlier.

Here is an example of cloning an array in JavaScript using the filter method:

Filter () method

This code declares and initializes the original Array with the values 1, 2, and 3. The filter method on the original Array then invokes creation of a new array called copiedArray. The callback function in this scenario is an anonymous function that always returns true. In other words, every component of the original Array will pass the test and add to the newly copied Array.

Filter Method

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Any of these JavaScript techniques, the slice() method, Array.from(), a filter method, can transfer an array to a new one. When we use equals operator, it makes a copy of the original array’s references, rather than a new copy of the array itself.


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