Best Programming Languages for GUI: Top Picks for Desktop Development

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Graphical User Interface (GUI) is crucial for software development as it provides a visual way for users to interact with a program. But choosing the best programming language for GUI development can be daunting, especially for beginners, but that’s why we are here!

When selecting a programming language for GUI development, consider factors such as the target platform, availability of tools, performance, and cost. Some of the most popular programming languages used for GUI development include 

  1. JavaFX
  2. Python
  3. C#
  4. JavaScript
  5. Swift
  6. Kotlin
  7. Rust
  8. and Go.

Programming languages for GUI

By choosing the correct programming language and following the best practices, you can build a visually appealing, user-friendly, high-performance GUI application that meets your needs. Read on as we get more in-depth and explore the best option for you!

Selecting A Programming Language For GUI

Here are some factors to consider when selecting a programming language for GUI development:

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Target Platform

Different platforms have different requirements, so one needs to choose a well-suited programming language for the target platform. For example, if you’re developing a GUI application for Windows, C# or JavaFX might be a good choice.

Development Tools 

Another factor to consider is the availability of development tools for your chosen programming language. Look for programming languages with robust development tools and libraries that can help you build your application faster and with fewer errors.

Developer Experience 

Your experience as a developer is another factor to consider when selecting a programming language for GUI development. If you’re a beginner, choose a programming language with simple syntax and easy-to-use libraries.

How to choose programming language

Community Support

The programming language you choose should have a large and active community of developers who can help you solve problems and answer questions. Look for programming languages with active communities on forums, social media, and other platforms.


The performance of your GUI application is critical, especially if you’re developing a high-performance application like a game or a video editor.


Finally, consider the cost of developing your application in your chosen programming language. Some programming languages are free and open-source, while others require expensive licenses.

Best Programming Languages For GUI

Some of the most popular programming languages used for GUI are listed below:


JavaFX is a powerful GUI library widely used for desktop and mobile applications. It provides excellent features, including layout managers, animations, and media playback, making it ideal for building complex user interfaces.


JavaFX is also platform-independent, which means that applications built with it can run on multiple platforms, including Windows, Mac, and Linux. Besides these features, JavaFX is built on top of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), providing superior performance and security.


Python has several GUI frameworks, including PyQt, Tkinter, and wxPython, which provide developers with great flexibility and control over the user interface. Python’s popularity and versatility make it an excellent choice for GUI development.


It is easy to learn, has a large community of developers, and provides a wide range of libraries and frameworks for creating GUI applications. With various tools available, developers can choose the framework that best fits their needs and preferences.


C# is a versatile programming language that provides various tools and libraries for creating GUI applications. Its popularity among developers and the large community of C# developers make it an excellent choice for developing GUI applications.


Its integration with Microsoft’s .NET Framework allows easy integration with other Microsoft technologies. With various tools available, developers can choose the framework that best fits their needs and preferences.


JavaScript is a popular programming language used primarily for web development and applications. It is also used for frameworks and libraries. These frameworks and libraries provide tools for creating complex GUI elements. Famous JavaScript frameworks include React, Vue, etc.



Swift is a powerful programming language developed by Apple for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS development. Its clean syntax makes it easy to read and write and is optimized for performance.


Swift has robust libraries and tools for building GUI applications, including the Cocoa framework for macOS and the UIKit framework for iOS.

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Kotlin is a modern programming language developed by JetBrains for building Android, web, and desktop applications. It is a statically typed language with a concise syntax that makes it easy to read and write.


Kotlin has robust libraries and tools for building GUI applications, including the JavaFX framework for desktop applications and the Android framework for mobile applications.


Rust is a systems programming language Mozilla developed for speed, safety, and concurrency. It has a growing ecosystem of libraries and tools for building GUI applications, including the Rust GUI ecosystem, which provides access to cross-platform GUI libraries like GTK and Qt.



Go is a modern programming language developed by Google for speed, simplicity, and scalability. It has a robust set of libraries and tools for building GUI applications, including the Go-GTK library for building cross-platform desktop applications and the Gio library for building mobile and web applications.



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What is a programming language for a GUI?

Using symbols, visual metaphors, and pointing devices, a human can communicate with a computer using a graphic user interface (GUI), a computer application.

How is GUI created?

GUI programming is implement through imported modules, sometimes called 'toolkits.' Anyone may, and many people have implemented external modules that make GUI development easier. As a result, several alternatives are open to you while creating a GUI.

Why is the GUI crucial to programming?

GUI enables you to operate your device using a mouse, a pen, or even your finger. GUI was developed because text command-line interfaces were complex and challenging to understand.

What is the best language for GUI?

The finest languages for GUI programming and graphics rendering are C and C++. However, because they are assemble, you cannot utilize them. However, C/C++ is the ideal choice if your application's performance is a top priority, as the original machine code gives excellent speed.

How are GUIs created?

GUIs were create in response to command-line interfaces (CLIs), which require users to write instructions onto a computer keyboard and are seen to have a high learning curve. In a GUI, the activities are carried out by directly manipulating the graphical components.

How does GUI function?

A GUI demonstrates how to carry out tasks via windows, icons, menus, and buttons. You may accomplish this with a touch screen, keyboard, or pointer. For instance, you may use your mouse to point and click to open a file icon on your desktop. The command is interprete and carried out by the GUI invisibly.

What does a GUI designer do?

A software development tool called a graphical user interface builder (or GUI builder), sometimes known as a GUI designer or occasionally a RAD IDE, makes it easier to create GUIs by letting the designer arrange graphical control components, also known as widgets, using a drag-and-drop WYSIWYG editor.

When was the first GUI used?

The Alto personal computer was created by Xerox PARC in 1973. It was the first computer to employ the desktop metaphor and a graphical user interface (GUI), and it had a bitmapped screen.

Who is in charge of the GUI?

Unlike text-based interfaces, where data and commands are purely in text, GUIs graphically show information and related user controls. A pointing device, such as a mouse, trackball, pen, or a finger on a touch screen, is used to control GUI representations.

How does a GUI receive input?

Graphical user interfaces (GUI) provide an articulated graphical display on output devices while accepting input from input devices.


In conclusion, programming languages provide the tools and libraries necessary to create GUI applications that are engaging, responsive, and easy to use. From creating the user interface to handling user input, managing data, providing graphics and animation, creating cross-platform applications, and enhancing performance, programming languages play a critical role in GUI development.

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