How to Add Props to React Components?

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This is the perfect article for you if you are a developer or someone interested in developing different applications, web pages, etc. Let me introduce you to REACT, a prodigy in the world of development.

React, commonly known as ReactJS, is an open-source library used for user-friendly interfaces. In this article, I will tell you how to add props to react conditional, an essential skill for a react developer.

One can quickly develop Single-page applications using React rather than making a whole application. The different ways to add props to react components are through basic prop passing, conditional prop using the ternary operator, conditional rendering and props, default props, conditional prop with prop speed, and prop validation. This article will go through all these methods individually and in detail.

React allows you to reuse your components and manipulate their use by passing props to react components. You may be wondering how to understand this complex topic. Don’t worry, you can easily master this skill by reading this article. So brace yourself because a pool of knowledge is coming your way.

Understanding the Basics of Conditional Props

React Conditional props means a property passed to a component based on some conditions. The word “conditional” signifies some relation and dependency. The parent component passes its values to its child component, which can be further used differently.

Understanding the basics of Conditional Props

The components can fetch data, which is further configured through the props. Conditional props control the behavior and actions of the components.

Let us go through different ways and techniques to add props to components. The article will commence with basic and easy-to-complex methods. The first one is as follows.

Visit: Understanding the basics of Conditional Props

Best Ways to Add Props to Components in React

Basic Prop Passing

The fundamental way of passing props to React components is through simple prop passing. Props are typically passed as attributes in JSX when rendering a component. Here’s a quick example:

function Welcome(props) {

return <h1>Hello, {}</h1>;


const element = <Welcome name="John" />;

See Also: How to Add Props to React Components

Conditional Props using Ternary Operator

Another common way to pass React conditional props is using a ternary operator. A ternary operator is an operator that evaluates a condition and returns the value based on truth and false. It has only two values, For example:

function Greeting(props) {

const greetingMessage = props.isMorning ? 'Good Morning' : 'Hello';


return <h1>{greetingMessage}, {}</h1>;


const element1 = <Greeting name="John" isMorning={true} />;

const element2 = <Greeting name="Alice" isMorning={false} />;

See Also: Understanding The ASP.NET Core Razor Component Lifecycle

Conditional Rendering and Props

Conditional rendering is another crucial concept when working with React components. Combining conditional rendering with conditional props can help you build more flexible UI components. Here’s an example:

function Message(props) {

if (props.isVisible) {

return <p>{props.text}</p>;


return null; // Render nothing if isVisible is false


const element1 = <Message text="This message is visible" isVisible={true} />;

const element2 = <Message text="This message is hidden" isVisible={false} />;

See Also: Display JSON Data In HTML: Rendering Dynamic Data On Web Pages

Default props

React comes into play when you forget to define specific props’ values. React allows you to set default values for props, which can be helpful when specific props are not provided. Using the “default props” property in a functional component, you can specify default props. Here’s an example:

function Button(props) {

return (


style={{ backgroundColor: props.color }}







Button.defaultProps = {

color: 'blue',


const element = <Button label="Click Me" />;

See Also: JavaScript Vs ReactJS: A Comparative Analysis

Conditional Prop with Prop Speed

React also provides a way to pass multiple props using prop spreading conditionally. This technique allows you to pass an object of props conditionally based on a condition. Here’s an example:

function MyComponent(props) {

return <div {...(props.isActive && { className: 'active' })}>Content</div>;


const element1 = <MyComponent isActive={true} />;

const element2 = <MyComponent isActive={false} />;

Prop Validation

In larger React applications, validating the props passed to your components for type and presence is essential. You can use the prop-types library to declare your component’s props’ expected types and requirements. Here’s how you can use it:

import PropTypes from 'prop-types';

function Person(props) {

return (


<p>Name: {}</p>

<p>Age: {props.age}</p>




Person.propTypes = {

name: PropTypes.string.isRequired,

age: PropTypes.number.isRequired,


const element = <Person name="John" age={30} />;

See Also: Convert String To HTML In React: Rendering Text As HTML Content

Here’s a tabular comparison of different ways to add conditional props to React components, outlining their characteristics and use cases:

Method Description Use Cases
Ternary Operators Use ternary operators to provide props based on a condition conditionally. – When you want to provide different props depending on a boolean condition.
Conditional Rendering Conditionally render a component or its props based on a condition using if statements. – When you want to show or hide a component or specific props.
Default Props Set default values for props using the defaultProps property in the component. – When you want to ensure certain props always have a default value.
Prop Spread Conditionally spread an object of props onto a component based on a condition. – When you want to apply multiple props based on a single condition.
Prop Validation Use the prop-types library to declare prop types and requirements, validating props’ correctness. – When you want to enforce prop type checking and validation.

There is no fixed rule for selecting and using a certain method. The selection of methods depends on the use case of a problem. Use cases are the scenarios or situations for which a certain software, technology, or solution is made.

So, the type of method to add conditional props to components entirely depends on the use case. You must understand the use case properly and then apply the required process. Each method has a different way of approach to the problem. The method should be in coherence with the use case.

See Also: Render HTML Strings With React: Boost Your Web Development


What is REACT?

React, also known as react.js or ReactJS, is an open-source library for user-friendly interfaces. It is a front-end API that communicates with the backend to complete an action or task Through React Conditional Props. Single-page applications like a web page can quickly be developed using React rather than making a whole application.

What do you mean by adding props to react components?

In short, ‘adding props to React components’ means providing data or settings to a React component when used, allowing you to customize the component's behavior or appearance based on the provided information. Props make React components dynamic and adaptable to different situations.

What are the different ways of adding props to react components?

Here are different ways to add props to React components in list form with no explanation: Ternary Operators Conditional Rendering Default Props Prop Spread Prop Validation


Adding props to react components is an essential skill when you are developing user-interactive pages and interfaces. This is the building block of your foundation in the field of development. As you dig deep into the world of React, you will see that adding props to the React components was just the surface.

There is much more to it. By learning how to add event handling and system management to the props, you can take your development skills to another level.

Remember that React is a versatile library and multiple ways often exist to achieve the same result. The choice of technique depends on your specific use case and coding style preferences. With practice and experience, you’ll become more adept at making your React components dynamic and adaptable.

See Also: Link Image In React: Displaying Visual Content In React Components

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