Today, Python is in high demand and among the most popular languages for software development. The language has a simple structure and is easy to learn. Python’s popularity and ease of use have led to its adoption in many different domains for creating software of all shapes and sizes, from desktop apps to Machine Learning models. Web development is one instance of such a field.
Web applications written in Python are extremely common. A wide variety of jobs are within its capabilities; Web Development is one among them. Therefore, in this blog, we will initially examine Web Development before discussing the utility of Python in web development.
What is Web Development?
Though it covers a lot of ground, “Web Development” generally refers to creating programs that can be accessed online via a web browser. There are two main parts to any web app: the front end and the back end.
Front end web development
The front end of a website is the section responsible for the user interface and its visual presentation. When a person navigates to a specific URL, this is the page they will see in their web browser.
A web application’s front-end developer is responsible for handling communications with web servers, retrieving data, presenting it in the web application, and transmitting it back to the webserver to be stored or modified in some way.
Back end web development
A web app’s back end manages all the server’s technical details. That’s a key strength of Python-based web development. Data is stored in the back end, retrieved as needed, and formatted in a standard way so that other programs can understand it.
Since HTTP transfers information between clients and servers, a web app’s back end must be able to read and interpret HTTP requests. Data can be stored, validated, updated, deleted, retrieved, and possibly even more processes.
Python for web development
Following are a few reasons why one can use Python for web development.
Short Learning Curve
Python’s accessibility contributes to the language’s widespread adoption. Python was created to be a straightforward programming language. One of the main reasons for its easy readability is its syntax. Instead of relying on formalities, it prioritizes precision.
Python’s distinct syntax allows equivalent results to be achieved with far less code than in languages like Java or C++. Python is easier to understand and learn because it uses indentation and English-like terms like “and”, “none”, etc., rather than the symbols and words like “&&”, “!” and “null” that are common in other languages.
The application development process presents developers with several challenges. They must develop code to accomplish several goals. Like data validation, reading data from a CSV file, submitting a request over the network, etc. These responsibilities are widespread and monotonous. As a result, many programmers resort to creating libraries, which are collections of code that simplify similar jobs for other programmers.
There are many pre-made libraries available for Python that programmers can utilize to address a wide range of issues. Also, they can create and share their libraries. The sum of these factors frees developers to concentrate on creating new applications and finding novel approaches to old problems rather than resolving ones that have already been addressed.
Python’s accessibility and simplicity mean that you can pick it up and use it with relative ease, which speeds up the development process. The efficient development time is another benefit of using Python’s syntax and technology.
One of the primary reasons for Python’s success is its superiority in the rate of development.
Flask vs. Django
Django and Flask are popular and helpful web frameworks, but it’s not always obvious when to pick one over the other. Both are suitable for use in the development of a website’s backend. Of course, these frameworks excel only in specific scenarios.
If you’re a seasoned programmer and want to create a web application with a lightweight framework, Flask is the way to go. It’s also helpful if you already have some library knowledge and are looking for a framework to handle the more mundane aspects of running a web server.
Django is a good option if you are a developer with little experience in web development. Or if you are taking on a large project and do not want to deal with irritating low-level details. Django’s default installation includes several packages, so you won’t have to do much effort into integration and configuration if you don’t want to.